Research in Social Sciences and Technology <p><em><strong>Research in Social Sciences and Technology (RESSAT)</strong></em> is an international journal that aims to publish scholarly work in the social sciences, technology, and their impact on education. The journal publishes original research articles, review articles, editorials, and book reviews.</p> <p>&nbsp;The RESSAT is an open access journal, with free access for each visitor. The journal uses an online submission system to ensure the international visibility and the rigid peer review process. The journal is published twice a year in online version.</p> <p>The overarching goal of the journal is to disseminate origianl research findings that make significant contributions to different areas of social sciences and technology with emphasis on education. The aim of the journal is to promote the work of academic researchers in social sciences, education and technology.</p> <p><strong>Focus and Scope</strong></p> <p>The topics related to this journal include but are not limited to:<img src="/public/site/images/btarman/2018_v3_issue_31.png" width="266" height="385"></p> <ul> <li class="show"><em>General Education</em></li> <li class="show"><em>History</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Geography</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Philosophy</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Law&nbsp;</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Economic</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Political Science</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Sociology. criminology. demography</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Communication and Culture</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Educational Assessment and Evaluation</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Intercultural Communication</em></li> <li class="show"><em>International and Comparative Education</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Transnationalism in Education</em></li> </ul> Research in Social Sciences and Technology en-US Research in Social Sciences and Technology 2468-6891 The impact of pedagogical leadership on pedagogical coordination in secondary schools <p>Educational Leadership has an international recognition as a factor in school improvement (OECD, 2009, 2014). The international investigations guarantee this. Within the multiplicity of investigative lines that concern this factor, there is one that alludes to its impact on school improvement, especially in contexts of the social inequality. Within the pedagogical leadership, it has been evidenced that the shared modalities of leadership that invite other members of the educational organization to be involved in a common project are associated with a greater commitment for the improvement and inclusion of all the students. At the same time, other factors come into play, such as the professional identity of both management and staff, professional capital (Hargreaves and Fullan, 2014) or the inclusive practices outlined in this type of context. This intervention oscillates around these issues, offering a vision about studies carried out in the international sphere that associate, on one hand, the impact of leadership on the educational organization and, on the other, positive effects in challenging contexts. Finally, the results obtained from a questionnaire designed specifically for this research will be presented, in which secondary school teachers were asked to respond to questions related to the collaboration in the center, if they received support from the management team to improve their practices if they perceived themselves as school leaders or teachers. Among the results found, it is observed that there is a positive trend towards the construction of a common educational project in secondary schools by the management team. Likewise, there is a positive predisposition on the part of the teaching staff to be more involved in the initiatives of the educational center and towards collaboration and coordination with other colleagues.</p> Inmaculada Garci­a Marti­nez Pedro Jose Arrifano Tadeu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 3 3 1 15 Effects of procrastination behavior, stress tolerance and study habits on academic achievements of Indian Students residing in India (Kerala) and UAE. <p>This paper is designed to study various factors affecting the academic achievements of high school students. The study was conducted on 210 high school students from Abu Dhabi and Thiruvananthapuram. Procrastination behavior inventory, an index of stress tolerance and study habits scale were used to understand the various factors interfering their academic achievement. The data were analyzed using the statistical techniques; such as, Product-moment coefficient of correlation – person r, and factor analysis. Results provide an insight into the numerous factors effecting students in their learning process and it is a fact that students need to get adequate support and motivation from teachers and parents to keep up their focus on the educational goal.</p> Smitha Dev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 3 3 16 31 Elementary School Teachers' Mathematical Connections in Solving Trigonometry Problem <p>This study aims to reveal mathematical connections of elementary school teachers in solving trigonometric problem. The subjects of this study were 22 elementary school teachers as the prospective participants of Professional Teacher Education and Training (PTET). They came from several districts of South Sulawesi Province. The teachers were given trigonometry problem. Trigonometry problems could encourage teachers to connect geometrical and algebraic concept, graphical representation and algebraic representation, as well as daily life context. The result shows that most of the subject teachers of this study solved the problem according to procedures they know without considering everyday life context. On the other hand, there were some subjects who connected problem with everyday life context using graphical, verbal, or numerical representation. Thus, subjects who were able to connect problem information with appropriate concepts and procedures are categorized as substantive connections. While the subjects who were able to connect problem information with mathematical concepts but less precise in using the procedure are categorized as classification connections.</p> Sitti Fithriani Saleh Purwanto Purwanto Sudirman Sudirman Erry Hidayanto Susiswo Susiswo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 3 3 32 41 The Puerto Rican Flag - A Study in Vexillology <p>This study tests Puerto Ricans' knowledge about the national and municipal flag, since it is known that teaching with flags is part of the social studies standards of the island. Two questionnaires were provided to 50 participants to test their knowledge of the national, municipal and Latin American flags. For the national and municipal flags, the participants were asked to provide the symbolism. A total of 96% drew the national flag correctly, although no one identified all the symbolisms correctly. Only 2% of the participants identified all Latin American flags correctly. A Chi-square test was performed to test if flag knowledge and level of education were independent variables. The test value was 0.30 which is greater than the P &gt; 0.10; therefore, the null hypothesis was accepted: H<sub>o</sub> = the level of schooling of the participants and their knowledge of the Puerto Rican flag are independent.&nbsp;</p> Carlos A. Morales-Ramirez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 3 3 42 67 Major Features, Benefits, and Prerequisites for Intelligent Enterprise Managing System <p>The modern conditions of high-tech and highly competitive markets require the evolution of the enterprise automation systems. Such new, the post-ERP systems should meet the conditions for the provision of customer self-service and other counterparts, the dramatic decrease of the manual labour through automation, robotic application, integration with other systems and external contracting systems, multi-channel marketing and distribution, reduction of supply chains and other current trends. These systems should be built on the new IEM Automation Paradigm (Intelligent Enterprise Managing) and therefore belong to the IEM system class. As stated in the IEM paradigm article, a modern approach to solving the task of automation is based on the application of "best" solutions for each separate entity or business unit. In practice, however, this approach has resulted in a series of significant problems. The scale of the problems is increasing with the growth in transactional load, competitive pressures on the market, requirements for accelerate optimization, and business processes changes.</p> Alexander Ivanovich Olefirenko Alexey Galuschenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 3 3 68 91 The inter and intra Relationship between Economics, Administrative sciences and Social sciences disciplines <p>The aim of this paper is to present a framework proposal for measuring the extent to which the six disciplines (Economic, Administrative sciences, Finance and investment, Accounting, Banking and Insurance and risk management) reach out to spaces shared with other disciplines at the College of Economic and Administrative sciences in the University of Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. First, in the Intraspecific Relationship measurement, our results indicate that these disciplines are far from having a dependence with History, Politics, Ethics and Sociology. Second, we find that the studies of the Sharia are flourishing and the economic and administrative sciences courses in the field are being defended. In the field study of Interspecific Relationships, our results indicate a deficiency of the relationship between the related disciplines in different manners. Economic and Administrative sciences disciplines have, especially, the lowest degree of openness, compared to the rest of disciplines.</p> Noureddine Benlagha Wael Hemrit ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-19 2018-10-19 3 3 92 115 Building English Vocabulary Schema Retention Using Review Value Calculation for ESL Students <p>Vocabularies, the core of any language, is probably the most challenging and time-consuming part of learning a foreign language in a diverse and disperse community of learners. This study proposes an approach that can help a learner build up his/her English vocabulary volume by intensive article reading, inclusion of Google Cloud Natural Language API, Glosbe Dictionary API and the use of computing technology, the review value calculation. The review value calculation was able to determine the number of days where the new words should be reviewed and be part of the long-term memory. Result shows that students were able to increase their vocabulary acquisition skills by applying technology and computing to their study routines. Students were able to retain words fast and understand better, by employing an interactive monitoring process. If the system will be implemented carefully, it will hypothetically produce a faster technique in acquiring new vocabularies for foreign students.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Cihangir Arslan Burhan Mustafa Tanis ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 3 3 116 134