https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/issue/feed Research in Social Sciences and Technology 2024-05-25T23:05:46+03:00 Bulent Tarman editor@ressat.org Open Journal Systems <p><em><strong>Research in Social Sciences and Technology (RESSAT)</strong></em> is an international journal that aims to publish scholarly work in the social sciences, technology, and their impact on education. The journal publishes original research articles, review articles, editorials, and book reviews.</p> <p>&nbsp;The RESSAT is an open access journal, with free access for each visitor. The journal uses an online submission system to ensure the international visibility and the rigid peer review process.&nbsp;</p> <p>The overarching goal of the journal is to disseminate origianl research findings that make significant contributions to different areas of social sciences and technology with emphasis on education. The aim of the journal is to promote the work of academic researchers in social sciences, education and technology.</p> <p><strong>Focus and Scope</strong></p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/btarman/2018_v3_issue_31.png" width="266" height="385"></p> <p>The topics related to this journal include but are not limited to:</p> <ul> <li class="show"><em>General Education</em></li> <li class="show"><em>History</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Geography</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Philosophy</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Law&nbsp;</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Economic</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Political Science</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Sociology. criminology. demography</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Communication and Culture</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Educational Assessment and Evaluation</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Intercultural Communication</em></li> <li class="show"><em>International and Comparative Education</em></li> <li class="show"><em>Transnationalism in Education</em></li> </ul> https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/834 An Analysis of Students’ Mathematical Curiosity in Online Learning Viewed from Academic Level and Gender 2024-05-07T22:46:48+03:00 Zetriuslita Zetriuslita zetriuslita@edu.uir.ac.id Sitti Fithriani Saleh st.fithriani.1603119@students.um.ac.id Baharullah Baharullah baharullah@yahoo.co.id Laelasari Laelasari lala.mathunswagati@gmail.com <p>Online learning affects students' curiosity, so it is important to develop students' curiosity during the pandemic. The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze students' curiosity about online learning. This study was conducted in the Department of Mathematics Education during the odd semester 2021/2022 with 106 students in three different courses. The research instrument was a mathematical curiosity questionnaire administered to students using the Google Documents application. The data analysis technique used was descriptive analysis. The results showed that the general curiosity of the students is classified as "strong" with a percentage of 75.17%. Academically, students with low, medium and high curiosity are considered strong with percentages of 74.07 percent, 76.5 percent and 75.12 percent. Measured by gender differences, the proportion of male and female students is 76.43 and 77.5 percent. Data analysis showed that in the era of the Covid-19 pandemic, curiosity about learning mathematics does not depend on the academic level of online learning or on gender differences. The effect of the result that the students during the Covid-19 pandemic, mathematical curiosity is still used in online learning and should be improved. This research contributes to the growing body of knowledge on mathematical learning in the digital age and offers practical recommendations for fostering mathematical curiosity in online.&nbsp;</p> 2024-05-07T06:57:20+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/814 The Difference in Parental Financial Socialisation Across Parental Education Level 2024-05-07T22:46:48+03:00 Adam Ndou endouaa@unisa.ac.za <p>Around the world, parental financial socialization now heavily depends on the educational attainment of the parents. This study looked into how parental financial socialization varied depending on the educational attainment of the parents. Parental financial behavior, financial monitoring, financial discussion, financial communication, and financial teaching were used as metrics for measuring parental financial socialization. In this study, a quantitative research approach was used. Since Fetakgomo Tubatse and Intsika Yethu municipalities are the most rural and low-income locations in South Africa, data were gathered through the use of a self-administered questionnaire. Data analysis techniques included Tukey HSD test, Welch robust test, Levene's test, descriptive statistics, and exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The results demonstrated that parental financial socialization varies significantly depending on the educational attainment of the parents. Therefore, financial socialization is more common among parents who have greater education levels than it is among those who have lower education levels. This study's findings are the first to show that parental financial socialization varies significantly depending on the educational attainment of the parents. This study suggests that more research be done on the variations in parental financial socialization across parental educational levels in other areas. Additionally, it is advised that the South African government develop initiatives aimed at addressing and raising parental education levels because research indicates that parents who have completed more education are more likely to participate in financial socialization, which affects young adults' financial literacy and well-being.&nbsp;</p> 2024-05-07T07:04:44+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/740 Adopting Learner-Centred Pedagogy to Develop Business Studies Learners' Problem-Solving and Creative Thinking Skills in Selected Schools in South Africa 2024-05-07T22:46:47+03:00 Nduduzo Brian Gcabashe gcababn@unisa.ac.za <p>The need for problem-solving and creative thinking skills to be taught well in business studies classrooms can never be overemphasised due to the complexity of the problems and challenges faced by businesses in the 21st-century business environment. Teachers are, therefore, required to adopt pedagogies that would enable learners to acquire problem-solving and creative thinking skills to operate effectively in the new business environment. This study investigates business studies teachers' adoption of learner-centred pedagogy to nurture learners' problem-solving and creative thinking skills. This qualitative study is positioned within the interpretive paradigm. An exploratory case study was employed as a research design. Progressive Learning Theory was adopted as the lens of the study. Semi-structured interviews and classroom observations were used to collect data from six business studies teachers who were sampled purposefully from six secondary schools in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. The raw data was analysed thematically. It was found that most teachers managed to adopt learner-centred pedagogy and learning activities that promoted the acquisition of problem-solving and creative thinking skills. The study concluded that business studies teachers are now embracing learner-centred pedagogy in their classrooms, and they understand the importance of teaching learners to equip them with skills that are demanded by the 21st-century business environment. Despite these findings, it is still recommended that workshops and short learning courses be offered to teachers to equip them with pedagogical skills that would help them to engrain and sustain learner-centred pedagogy in their instructional practices.&nbsp;</p> 2024-05-07T07:13:16+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/806 A Quantitative Study Examining the Relationship Between Parental Socioeconomic Status, Body Image, Peer Influence, and Self-esteem Among Adolescents 2024-05-07T22:46:47+03:00 Adewuyi Omoponle Habeeb ahabeeb@uj.ac.za Adesegun Olayide Odutayo aodutayo@uj.ac.za <p>People with high self-esteem are better able to take delight in life's little pleasures, handle difficult situations, overcome challenges, establish lasting relationships, and strengthen their weaknesses. This study examined socioeconomic status, body image, and peer influence on self-esteem among in-school adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria. The descriptive survey design of the correlational type was used during the investigation. This study employed a multi-stage sampling technique. Three hundred and forty-five in-school adolescents made the study sample. Data was collected using reliable instruments: (Peer Influence Scale α = .78; Body image scale α =0.83; Parental Socioeconomic Status Scale α =0.89; Self-Esteem Inventory α=.71). From the results, socioeconomic status (r = .533; p.&lt;05), body image (r =. 577; p.&lt;05), and peer influence (r = .331; p.&lt;05) had a significant relationship with (self-esteem). Body Image made the most significant contribution (β = .371; t = 7.555; p&lt;0.05) followed by Peer influence (β = .316; t = 8.112; p&lt;0.05) and Socioeconomic status (β = .312; t = 6.374; p&lt;0.05). The study underscores the need for counseling and orientation programs for adolescents in all ramifications; this will help ease the psychological strain that could hamper their self-esteem.</p> 2024-05-07T07:20:46+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/827 Exploring Service Accessibility and Quality for Differently-Abled Students: A Qualitative Analysis at a South African University of Technology 2024-05-07T22:46:46+03:00 Agendri Naidoo naidooa@dut.ac.za Jamila Khatoon Adam adamjk@dut.ac.za Francis Akpa-Inyang francisa@dut.ac.za <p>This qualitative study investigates the service experiences of differently-abled students within the Financial Aid Department of a prominent South African University of Technology. Employing a semi-structured interview schedule aligned with the Service Quality model (SERVQUAL), five dimensions—tangibles, assurance, empathy, reliability, and responsiveness—are explored. The study unveils the significant challenges students face, including issues related to the location and accessibility of the department, staff approachability, and the reliability of communication systems. The discussion section draws on relevant literature to synthesise the findings, providing comprehensive insights into the intricacies of service delivery for differently-abled students. The study concludes with actionable recommendations for enhancing service quality and inclusivity, addressing the unique needs of this student demographic in the evolving landscape of South African higher education.&nbsp;</p> 2024-05-07T07:25:41+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/836 Bahraini Teachers’ Perceptions on the Challenges of Remote Teaching for Autistic Children 2024-05-07T22:46:46+03:00 Wid Hussain Daghustani widhussaind@gmail.com Alison MacKenzie A.MacKenzie@qub.ac.uk <p>This research aims to understand how teachers of autistic children responded to teaching remotely during the COVID-19 pandemic. Six teachers who work in an autism centre took part in face-to-face semi-structured interviews in the Kingdom of Bahrain on their perspectives of teaching autistic children remotely and how their mothers adapted to this mode of teaching. The teachers reported that the unprecedented change was challenging for autistic children and their families, but especially for mothers, who were in all cases, the primary caretakers. The effectiveness of remote teaching depended on the cooperation and the willingness of the mother and child to engage in the process. Overall, teachers agreed that in comparison to face-to-face teaching, remote teaching was not a positive experience.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2024-05-07T17:08:56+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/822 Investigation into the Challenges Experienced by School Management Teams (SMTs) Post-Pandemic in Rural High Schools in the Mopani-West Education District 2024-05-18T22:57:10+03:00 Nyiko Amos Sibuyi 201526553@keyaka.ul.ac.za Mapule Yvonne Segooa mapule.segooa@ul.ac.za Habasisa Vincent Molise vincent.molise@ul.ac.za Ngwako Solomon Modiba solomon.modiba@ul.ac.za Thinavhudzulo Mafumo Thinavhadzulu.mafumo@ul.ac.za <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the challenges faced by SMTs in dealing with poor academic performance in the Mopani-West District of Limpopo Province, South Africa. Studies have indicated that schools in rural areas fail to meet their full potential due to a combination of factors including insufficient instructional resources, shortage of qualified educators, insufficient infrastructure, and poverty and inequality. The study adopted a qualitative approach following an interpretative case study design. Using purposive sampling a total of 18 participants, comprising six principals, six departmental heads, and six learners who met the research criteria were selected. The study sample included one principal, one departmental head, and one learner from each of these six schools in the Mopani-West District. Three schools from the sample were identified as high-performing, while the other three were identified as underperforming. Data were elicited using semi-structured interviews, followed by thematic data analysis to unveil rich narratives and patterns within the research inquiries. The findings of the study revealed that resource scarcity in schools significantly hampered the quality of education. Issues such as insufficient teaching materials, a shortage of teachers, and the absence of technology create stark disparities between less and more privileged schools. The study also highlighted the impact of inadequate infrastructure on learning as one of the pressing concerns that compromise quality teaching and learning. Recommendations were made accordingly.</p> 2024-05-18T09:33:46+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/777 The 4Rs Framework: Creating A Synergy to Support the Implementation of English Education for Sustainable Development in Rwanda 2024-05-18T22:57:10+03:00 Nowell Chidakwa nowellchidakwa@gmail.com <p>Rwanda started teaching English to support sustainable development and deliver the five key pillars that will help Rwandans transition from their existing way of life to the society they all desire and are happy to be a part of. As a follow-up to the Sustainable Development Goals and the Berlin Declaration on Education for Sustainable Development, the government ensured the standardisation and teaching of English. In order to assist the implementation of English teaching nationally, the theoretical paper explains how the 4Rs Framework—relationship-building, recognition, responsibilities, and reciprocity—combine to generate synergy among many stakeholders and cross-sectoral collaboration. The study presents literature on Rwanda's Vision 2050, education for sustainable development, and teaching using English as a medium of communication. It is founded on a critical literature review. The article discusses options for national transformation while emphasising the importance of locally rooted collaboration. The 4Rs technique is intended to foster discussion among important players about the issues and problems facing the area of education in emergencies rather than serving as a rigid theoretical framework. The study shows the connections between and tensions among the various "Rs," as well as the efficiency of the 4R dimensions in encouraging the teaching of English. The study considered ways to get beyond the approach's drawbacks and difficulties to support sustainable schooling in Rwanda. This framework encourages the creation of a synergistic educational ecosystem that equips students with the information, skills, and attitudes required to actively participate in Rwanda's path to sustainable development.</p> 2024-05-18T09:48:23+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/812 Funding Opera in the Changing Landscape: Should Opera Be Funded or Accepted as a Fading Culture in South Africa? 2024-05-18T22:57:09+03:00 Sakhiseni Joseph Yende sakhiseniyende@gmail.com <p>Opera is considered a significant part of cultural heritage in many societies. In the South African context, opera has a rich history and has contributed to the development of various art forms. Opera has continued to play a significant role in preserving and promoting cultural diversity in South Africa. Opera production contribute to the economy by creating jobs for artists, musicians, technicians, and other professionals. Additionally, opera events can attract tourism and boost local economies. Public funding for opera may be seen as an investment with economic returns. The purpose of this article is to examine the funding of opera in South Africa against the backdrop of a changing cultural landscape. It aims to investigate whether opera should continue to receive funding or if it should be accepted as a fading cultural form. Employing a qualitative approach, ten participants, including opera company managers and artists, share their perspectives through semi-structured interviews. Colaizzi's phenomenological data analysis method reveals key themes of financial viability, challenges, and opportunities. Findings were presented in themes and supported by quotes from research participants. Opera company managers and artists shared valuable insights into financial viability, challenges, and opportunities. Strategic collaborations, revenue diversification, and the pivotal role of public funding emerged as central themes. The findings shed light on the adaptive measures undertaken by stakeholders in response to the changing cultural and financial climate. The conclusion synthesises the key findings, emphasising the resilience of South African opera in the face of funding challenges. It underscores the importance of balancing financial support and cultural acceptance for sustained vitality. The study contributes to ongoing discussions on the intersection of funding, cultural relevance, and the future of opera in South Africa.&nbsp;</p> 2024-05-18T10:03:45+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/840 Challenges in Equipping Learners for the Fourth Industrial Revolution: School Leaders’ and Teachers’ Powerlessness 2024-05-25T23:05:46+03:00 Ntombenhle Sylvia Mlangeni ntomby940531@gmail.com Sadi Seyama-Mokhaneli sseyama@uj.ac.za <p>The work landscape is evolving with the advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR), potentially rendering current jobs obsolete and necessitating new skills or retraining of existing occupations for future employment. This revolution is disrupting nearly every sector, including education, highlighting the need for education to address issues like unemployment, poverty, and inequality. However, to adequately prepare learners, this can only be achieved with sufficient material and human resources. Understanding these dynamics is crucial in determining whether school leaders and teachers possess the power or autonomy to develop the necessary knowledge, skills, and competencies to empower learners for the 4IR. Power, the ability to achieve organizational objectives, is essential for school leaders and teachers responsible for information and communication technologies in schools to acquire the resources and competencies needed for the 4IR. Drawing on critical theory, this qualitative study explores how school leaders and teachers experience powerlessness due to the challenges they encounter in preparing learners for the 4IR. Semi-structured interviews facilitated participants’ reflections and meaning-making of their experiences in this regard. The critical analysis of data yielded themes that underscore the complexities of preparing learners for the 4IR in underserved contexts ill-equipped for such endeavours: time constraints; teacher uncertainty; insufficient infrastructure, incapacitating influence of powerful top management; and detrimental control of district circuits. Participants felt constrained within their job descriptions, lacked the freedom to exert authority over their work, and faced obstacles in making independent decisions and implementing necessary changes.&nbsp;</p> 2024-05-25T18:33:44+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/781 Unlocking the Potential of Facebook as a Versatile Platform for Knowledge Sharing 2024-05-25T23:05:45+03:00 Prince Enwereji enwerpc@unisa.ac.za Annelien Adriana van Rooyen vrooyaa@unisa.ac.za Ilse Morgan Morgai@unisa.ac.za <p>Social network sites, most notably Facebook, have fundamentally transformed the way information is transferred, received, and shared by individuals and organisations. This article explores the diverse contexts in which Facebook is utilised as a knowledge-sharing instrument, along with the key challenges encountered in adopting Facebook as a knowledge-sharing instrument. It also indicates the gaps in adopting Facebook as a knowledge-sharing instrument. In a systematic literature review, 400 articles accomplishing the research objectives were identified. The findings revealed that Facebook can be used in different contexts. Greater awareness of Facebook’s versatility as a platform for knowledge sharing across various domains is recommended. This article also advises that the challenges related to cost, time investment and technical expertise be addressed, and emphasises the need for education and training. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2024-05-25T20:26:34+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##