Effects of procrastination behavior, stress tolerance and study habits on academic achievements of Indian Students residing in India (Kerala) and UAE.


Academic achievement
study habits

How to Cite

Dev, S. (2018). Effects of procrastination behavior, stress tolerance and study habits on academic achievements of Indian Students residing in India (Kerala) and UAE. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 3(3), 16-31. Retrieved from https://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/365


This paper is designed to study various factors affecting the academic achievements of high school students. The study was conducted on 210 high school students from Abu Dhabi and Thiruvananthapuram. Procrastination behavior inventory, an index of stress tolerance and study habits scale were used to understand the various factors interfering their academic achievement. The data were analyzed using the statistical techniques; such as, Product-moment coefficient of correlation – person r, and factor analysis. Results provide an insight into the numerous factors effecting students in their learning process and it is a fact that students need to get adequate support and motivation from teachers and parents to keep up their focus on the educational goal.


Attri, A.K., & Neelam. (2013). Academic anxiety and academic achievement of secondary school students: a study on gender differences. International Journal of Behavioral Social and Motivational Sciences, 2(1), 27-33.

Balagangadharan, A. (1988). Stress tolerance scale and manual. Thiruvanantha-puram: Department of Psychology, University of Kerala.

Balkis M, Duru E. (2009). Prevalence of academic procrastination behavior among pre-service teachers, and its relationship with demographics and individual preferences. J. Theory Practice Educ., 5(1), 18-32.

Beck BL, Koons SR, Milgrim DL. Correlates and consequences of behavioral procrastination: The Effects of Academic Procrastination Self-consciousness. Self-esteem, and self-handicapping. J Soc Behav Pers. 2000; 15, 3–13.

Beswick, G., Rothblum, E. D., & Mann, L. (1988). Psychological antecedents of student procrastination. Australian Psychologist, 23, 207-217.

Chandra, V. (2010). Adolescent Mental Health PROMOTION. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. [Last retrieved on 2010 Jul 30].

Ferrari JR. Procrastination as self-regulation failure of performance: Effects of cognitive load, self-awareness, and time limits on ‘working best under pressure’ Eur J Pers. 2001; 15,391–406.

Fritzsche, B. A., Young, B. R., & Hickson, K. C. (2003). Individual differences in academic procrastination tendency and writing success. Personality & Individual Differences, 35, 1549-1557.

Keeley, J., R. Zayac, and C. Corriea (2008). “Curvilinear Relation Between Statistics Anxiety And Student Performance Among Undergraduate Students: An Evidence for Optimal Anxiety.” Statistics Education Research Journal, 7 (1), 4-15.

Kilinc, E. (2015). Elementary school and social studies teachers’ opinions about the concept of good citizenship. Route Educational and Social Science Journal, 2(3), 194-206.

Kilinc, E. (2014). Pre-service social studies teachers’ understandings about the nature of the social studies. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 6(3), 415-426.

Kilinc, E., Tarman, B. & Aydin, H. (2018). Examining Turkish Social Studies Teachers’ Beliefs About Barriers to Technology Integration, TechTrends (2018) 62: 221. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-018-0280-y

Klassen, R.M., Krawchuk, L.L., & Rajani, S. (2008). Academic procrastination of undergraduates: Low self-efficacy to self-regulate predicts higher levels of procrastination. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 33(4), 915-931. doi:10.1016/j.cedpsych.2007.07.001

Milgram, N., Marshevsky, S., & Sadeh, C. (1995). Correlates of academic procrastination: Discomfort, task aversiveness, and task capability. Journal of Psychology, 129(2), 145-155. doi:10.1080/00223980.1995.9914954

Ozer, B. U., Demir, A. & Ferrari, J. R. (2009). Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: Possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons. The Journal of Social Psychology, 149(2), 241-257. doi:10.3200/SOCP.149.2.241-257

Reshmi, C. S., & Sananda Raj, H. S. (1999). Stress tolerance scale and manual. Thiruvananthapuram: Department of Psychology, University of Kerala.

Rothbloom E, Solomon L, Murakami J. Affective, cognitive, and behavioral differences between high and low procrastinators. J couns psychol. 1986; 33,387–94.

Saddler, C. D., & Buley, J. (1999). Predictors of academic procrastination in college students. Psychological Reports, 84, 686-688

Sharma SR (2005). Management of School Organizations. New Delhi: Shri Sai Printographers.

Smith, T. (2007). Predictors of academic related stress in college students: PASA Journal, 44(3), 803-829.

Stopplern (2010) also supported the fact that excessive stress has a harmful impact on both mental and physical health in later life.

Tarman, B., & Dev, S. (2018). Editorial: Learning Transformation through Innovation and Sustainability in Educational Practices. Research In Social Sciences And Technology, 3(1), i-ii. Retrieved from http://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/363

Tarman, B. (2017). Editorial: The future of social sciences. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 2(2), 1-6. Retrieved from http://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/329

Tarman, B. (2016). Innovation and education. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 1(1), 77-97. Retrieved from http://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/3

Tarman, B. (2010) Global Perspectives and Challenges on Teacher Education in Turkey, International Journal of Arts & Sciences (IJAS), 3(17): 78-96, United States.

Wesley, J. (1994). Effects of ability, high school achievement and procrastinatory behaviour on college performance. Educational and Psychological Measurement 54(2), 404- 408. doi:10.1177/0013164494054002014

Westman, M. and D. Eden (2007). “The Inverted U Relationship between Stress And Performance: A Field Study.” Work And Stress; An International Journal Of Work Health And Organisations, 10, 10 (2).

Yigit, M. F., & Tarman, B. (2016). How do different ethnicities approach to the education system and differences in Turkey? Italian Sociological Review, 6(3), 339-353. 10.13136/isr.v6i3.119